While I tried to build the new i3 version 4.4 for Fedora I came over the problem that cairo seems to be build without xcb support in Fedora 17. I built a version of cairo with xcb enabled and a i3 4.4 rpm file for Fedora 17. You can install it via my Fedora 17 repository. Up to now there is only a x86_64 available.
Create a repository file:
sudo vim /etc/yum.repos.d/banym.repo
copy & paste:
[banym] name=Banym repository baseurl=http://yum.banym.de/Fedora/17/x86_64 enabled=1
Now update i3, i3status and your cairo version.
sudo yum --nogpgcheck update i3 i3status cairo i3lock
Because my packages are not signed up to now you need to use the --nogpgcheck option.